Category: Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines

“When you want to know how things really work, study them when they’re coming apart.”
- William Gibson
Difference Between Pump and Compressor [With PDF]

The main differences between Pump and compressor are the pump transfers liquid from one place to another place whereas the compressor is used for storage of squeezed gas and then it supplied at the required place. Before moving to further detailed explanation lets have some overview of Pump and compressor. Note: At the bottom of […]

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Draft Tube: Definition, Types, Function, Advantages, Application [With PDF]

Draft Tube is an important component of a reaction turbine. The component is like a pipe in which area increasing gradually that connects the outlet of the runner to the tail-race. There are two ends in which one end is connected to the runner outlet and the other end is submerged below the level of […]

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Pump: Definition, Types, Advantages, Disadvantages, Applications [With PDF]

Hello readers, in this article we will talk about the pump and its types. And at the end of the article, I will give you a PDF downloadable link. Pump Definition: A pump is a device that is used for lifting the liquid from ground sources to the upper top surface or from one place […]

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Venturimeter: Definition, Parts, Working Principle, Derivation, Applications, Advantages, and Disadvantages [With PDF]

"Venturi Meter" this term is very famous in the Mechanical Engineering field, but do we actually know how it is work? Today after reading this article you will get an idea about Venturi Meter, it's working principle, parts and applications. So let's get started with the definition. Parts of Venturi Meter: A Venturi Meter is […]

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Types of Fluid Flow [PDF]

[dropcap]H[/dropcap]ello readers, in this paper we are going to discuss the Types of Fluid Flow. Also, we will take a look at the Definition of fluid flow, along with a little bit of discussion on types of fluid too. Let's start with the definition and types of Fluid first. Fluid Definition: A fluid is any […]

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Properties of Fluid [Notes with PDF]

[dropcap]T[/dropcap]he fluid is a substance which is having a tendency to flow. The properties of fluid include Density or Mass Density, Weight Density or Specific Weight, Specific Volume, Specific Gravity, and Viscosity. Note: You can download PDF at the end of the article. So let's start with definition first. Definition of Fluid: The fluid is […]

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Condition of Equilibrium and Stability of Floating Bodies- Stable, Neutral, Unstable Equilibrium PDF

Before going to study all the three equilibrium let's have brief knowledge about the Archimedes principle and Stability of floating bodies. So, Archimedes principle: The Archimedes principle states that "The body immersed or floating in a liquid are acted upon by a vertical upward liquid force equal to the weight of the liquid displaced". This […]

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Different Types of Pressure in Fluids [PDF]

Let's know the definition of Pressure, Pressure (p)  is defined as force per unit area applied in a direction perpendicular to the surface of an object. The pressure is an effect which occurs when a force is applied on a surface. The pressure is the amount of force acting on a unit area. This is […]

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Turgo Turbine: Definition, Working, Advantages, Disadvantages, Applications, [With PDF]

This is a variant of Pelton Wheel turbine and Turgo turbine was developed in 1919's by Gilkes Energy Company.  Turgo Turbine Definition: Turgo turbine is an impulsive water turbine and handles flow rates more than the flow rates of Pelton turbine handles. The main difference between a Pelton turbine and a Turgo turbine is that […]

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Francis Turbine: Parts, Working, Efficiency, Advantages, Disadvantages [With PDF]

The Francis turbine is a reaction turbine and It was developed by James B Francis. It is an inward flow reaction turbine that combines radial and axial flow concepts. The Francis turbine is the most common water turbine used today. The Francis turbine operates a head range of 10 meters to several hundred meters and is […]

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